Linguistics is a discipline which studies a language as a complex system with its laws and rules. Linguistics is deeply connected with other humanitarian disciplines, for example, Philology, Modern Languages, Translation Studies, Linguistic Anthropology, Sociology, Psychology, History and others. Linguists search and explore similar patterns in different languages and language groups, determine the rules of language, develop methods for studying languages, compose dictionaries, and also engage in other applied and theoretical activities related to language and its nature. Linguists also collect dialects to draw conclusions about the development of language. This part of the studies of linguists includes fieldwork, although most of the time linguists work in laboratories.
Linguistics studies is divided into general and specialized linguistics. General linguistics studies the common features of all the languages of the world. The subject of specialized linguistics is specific languages or groups of languages and its unique structure.
The list of subdisciplines of Linguistic Studies include:
- Historical Linguistics
- Computational Linguistics
- Neurolinguistics, etc.
Career options for Linguistics graduates
Graduates holding a Bachelor degree in Linguistics can find a job in lexicography area - composing and editing dictionaries. They can also start a teaching or counseling career, or become a translator or interpreter if they have studied a foreign language during the education period. Due to received language and communication skills, graduates can start a career in any field related to texts, for example, in journalism, television, advertising and marketing, public relations and so on.
Those who wish to conduct their Linguistics research need to complete a Master’s and PhD degree in Linguistics.